Amoebic liver abscess in an adult Nigerian: A case report


  • Obiozor AA Department of Radiology, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeri
  • Obiozor AC Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria



Ultrasound, Contrast Enhanced CT scan, Intravenous Metronidazole, Umuahia


Background: Amoebic liver abscess (ALA) is a parasitic infection caused by Entamoeba histolytica. ALA is a significant health concern, particularly in regions with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. Radiological imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of ALA.

Methods: We present a case report of a 40-year-old male patient with ALA. The patient presented to a radio diagnostic centre in Umuahia with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, fever,diarrhea and weight loss. Radiological evaluation was performed using abdominal ultrasound and contrast-enhanced CT scan. The imaging findings were correlated with clinical presentation and laboratory investigations.

Results: The radiological findings revealed a focal hypoechoic lesion in the right hepatic lobe with ill-defined margins and internal echoes suggestive of liquefaction. The contrast-enhanced CT scan confirmed the presence of a well-defined, hypodense lesion with peripheral enhancement and central hypoattenuation. No evidence of biliary ductal dilatation or vascular invasion was observed. Based on the findings, a diagnosis of ALA was made, and the patient was initiated on intravenous metronidazole therapy. Follow-up imaging demonstrated a decrease in abscess size and resolution of internal echoes, indicating a positive response to treatment.

Conclusion: Radiological imaging, including ultrasound and CT scan, plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of ALA. The characteristic imaging findings, such as hypoechoic lesions with internal echoes and peripheral enhancement with central hypoattenuation, aid in differentiating ALA from other hepatic lesions. Early diagnosis and prompt initiation of appropriate therapy are crucial for favorable patient outcomes. Radiological follow-up allows monitoring of treatment response and guides further management decisions.