Pericardial Effusion


  • Obiozor AA Department of Radiology, FMC Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria



Pericardial effusion, radiographic imaging, echocardiography, chest X-rays, diagnostic imaging, pericardiocentesis


Background: Pericardial effusion is defined as the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, this can lead to life-threatening cardiac complications if not promptly diagnosed and managed effectively. This radiographic case study aims to demonstrate the crucial role of imaging techniques in diagnosing pericardial effusion, providing valuable insights into its characteristics, and guiding appropriate clinical interventions.

Methods: This is a case study of a 37yr old patient with suspected cardiac failure who underwent diagnostic imaging, including chest X-rays and echocardiography. The imaging findings were analyzed to assess the extent and severity of the disease and to help in the treatment decisions.

Results: The radiographic evaluation revealed a moderate pericardial effusion with characteristic findings on chest X-rays and echocardiography. The size, location, and hemodynamic impact of the effusion were assessed, informing the clinical team's decision to proceed with pericardiocentesis for therapeutic relief.

Conclusion: This case study underscores the pivotal role of radiographic imaging, particularly echocardiography and chest X-rays, in diagnosing and characterizing pericardial effusion. Timely and accurate diagnosis is essential for appropriate management and the prevention of life-threatening complications. Radiographic imaging serves as an indispensable tool in guiding clinical decisions and improving patient outcomes.