Large submucous uterine fibroid mass


  • Obiozor AA Department of Radiology Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
  • Obiozor CG Department of Medicine and Surgery, Gregory University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria



Uterine fibroids, radiology, ultrasound, clinical management


Background: Uterine fibroids or leiomyomas, are common benign tumors originating from the smooth muscle cells of the uterus. While typically asymptomatic, large submucous fibroids can cause significant clinical manifestations, including abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pain, and reproductive issues. Radiological imaging, such as ultrasound, played a crucial role in the accurate diagnosis and characterization of these fibroids, guiding appropriate clinical management decisions.

Methods: We present a case report of a 28-year-old female with complaints of heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic discomfort. Clinical evaluation prompted the utilization of radiological imaging techniques to assess the uterine anatomy. Ultrasound was employed to visualize and characterize the large submucous uterine fibroid mass. Imaging findings were correlated with clinical symptoms to formulate an appropriate treatment plan.

Results: ultrasound revealed a large submucous uterine fibroid mass measuring 105.7mm x 75.6mm x 79.6mm in its dimensions. The fibroid was heterogeneous in its echo texture and it is located in the submucosal layer of the uterus. Doppler imaging demonstrated some areas of flow within the fibroid mass. The correlation of imaging findings with clinical symptoms aided in determining the extent of fibroid-related symptoms and guiding further management decisions.

Conclusion: This case report underscores the significance of radiological imaging, particularly ultrasound in diagnosing and characterizing large submucous uterine fibroid masses. Accurate radiological assessment is crucial for determining the appropriate course of clinical management, which may include medical therapy, minimally invasive procedures, or surgical intervention. The collaborative approach between gynecologists and radiologists is pivotal in optimizing patient care for individuals with symptomatic uterine fibroids.