Prevalence of musculoskeletal related morbidity and its perceived impact on health among pregnant women in a tertiary centre
Keywords:Musculoskeletal, Pregnancy, Antenatal
Background: Pregnancy is a physiological condition associated with musculoskeletal symptoms of which the site, perception, severity, effect on the quality of life and treatment vary in individuals.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal morbidity, its relationship with socio-clinical characteristics, perception, and impact on the quality of life of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital.
Results: Four hundred antenatal women participated in this study; 146 (48.7%) experienced musculoskeletal problems during the index pregnancy. Most respondents (51.3%) were 31-40 years (mean 31.9±5.6). For those who experienced problems, the onset of symptoms was highest (49.3%) in 3rd trimester, and the majority (76%) had tertiary education. The most typical problem was pelvic pain (48.8%); the most common predisposing factor was previous trauma (100%). Most (72.6%) perceived symptoms as moderate pain that affected their quality of life. Treatment was majorly rest (47.5%), 59.4% had their symptoms relieved, and 76.3% were satisfied with their treatment.
Conclusion: This study showed a prevalence of approximately 50%, with the commonest predisposing factor being previous trauma and pelvic pain being the most common problem. Therefore, Clinicians should be aware of the musculoskeletal problems in otherwise healthy pregnant women and manage them appropriately.
Copyright (c) 2023 Osazee K, Nnakwe LM, Iribhogbe OI
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