Complete pachydermoperiostosis with diffuse keratoderma mimicking thyroid Acropachy: A case report and review of literature
Keywords:Pachydermoperiostosis, primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, Touraine-Solente-Gole syndrome, pachydermia, thyroid acropachy, keratoderma
Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) is a rare genodermatosis with prominent cutaneous, soft tissue and skeletal manifestations. It can mimic secondary causes of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy such as thyroid acropachy. Cutaneous manifestations can be debilitating and constitute critical clues to formulating an accurate diagnosis. Palmoplantar keratoderma is a seldom reported manifestation of the disease hence, its significance as a phenotypic variant of pachydermoperiostosis is unknown.
We describe a rare case of complete pachydermoperiostosis with diffuse palmoplantar keratoderma in a young African man presenting with hyperhidrosis, hyper-defecation and weight loss who had been previously misdiagnosed with thyroid acropachy. The aim is to provide a detailed clinical description of both common and unconventional features of this rare disease.
Pachydermoperiostosis manifests with diverse genotypic and phenotypic characteristics that can mimic treatable, secondary causes of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. Keratoderma and hyper-defecation are seldom reported manifestations that may represent unique variants of PDP. Awareness of characteristic dermatological manifestations of the disease can enhance early and accurate clinical diagnosis and prevent needless investigations.
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