Physical survey on the health hazards of welding activities on welding operators in Uyo, Nigeria


  • Ekefre A Department of Welding Engineering Technology, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua
  • Ekanem II Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua
  • Ikpe AE Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua, Nigeria



Welding operations, Well-being, Health hazards, Physical survey, Welding effects


Background: Welding operators are subjected to several forms of hazards during welding activities.

Aim: The study aimed to identify the common practices in welding operations, assess the potential health hazards associated with these practices, and propose recommendations for improving the well-being of welding operators.

Methodology: The survey was conducted at different welding workshops in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. A total of 100 welding operators were observed and interviewed to gather data on their working practices and the health effects they experienced.

Results: The findings revealed that the most common welding practices included manual metal arc welding, gas metal arc welding, and gas tungsten arc welding. These practices involved exposure to various hazards such as fumes, gases, noise, and ultraviolet radiation. The survey also found that a significant number of welding operators reported experiencing health issues such as respiratory problems, skin irritation, eye injuries, and hearing loss. These health effects were attributed to the lack of proper ventilation, inadequate personal protective equipment, and poor ergonomic practices in the welding workshops.

Conclusion: The findings of this study highlights the importance of addressing the health hazards associated with welding operations to ensure a safer and healthier work environment for improved work conditions and well-being of welding operators. In light of the findings, several recommendations including the implementation of proper ventilation systems, provision of adequate personal protective equipment, regular health screening for welding operators, and training programs on safe welding practices is proposed in order to improve the well-being of welding operators