Childhood Wilm’s tumour in Aba, South East Nigeria


  • Ekpemo S Paediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Abia State University, Aba, Abia State. Nigeria
  • Eleweke N Department of Surgery, Abia State University, Aba, Abia State Nigeria



Wilm’s tumour, Childhood


Background: Wilm’s tumour is still a problem to paediatric oncologist in developing countries due to poverty, late presentation, high cost of chemotherapeutic drugs, ignorance and religious beliefs.

Objective: To review the clinical presentation, management and outcome of Wilm’s tumour in Aba, South East Nigeria.

Methods: The Demography, clinical presentation, investigation results, operative findings and outcome of patients less than 15 years old managed for Wilm’s tumour at the paediatric surgery unit of the Abia State University Aba, South East Nigeria from 2010 to 2020 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: There were 30 children (M: F 2 :1) with histological confirmed nephroblastoma over the 10 year period. Their median age was 5. Age range 4-15years. Palpable abdominal mass was the main presentation in all the patients. Treatment consisted of nephro-ureterectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with Vincristine, Cyclophosphamide and Actinomycin D. Adriamycin was added for metastatic disease and anaplasia. Fifteen of the patients had stage III disease, 10 had stage II disease and 5 had stage IV disease. Stage I disease was not encountered. Five patients had inoperable tumour requiring preoperative chemotherapy. Five patients died from the complication of chemotherapy treatment. Seven relapsed with poor outcome, with a mean follow up of 20 months, 20months survival rate is 40%.

Conclusion: There is high rate of morbidity and mortality from nephroblastoma in our environment due to late presentation, poverty, ignorance and poor compliance to treatment. The outcome will be improved through health enlightenment and healthcare funding.