Gender based violence among pregnant women in Benin City, Edo State: Prevalence, categories, patterns and associated factors
Keywords:Antenatal clinic, Awareness, Benin City, Edo State, Gender based violence, pregnant women
Context: Gender based violence (GBV) is a global public health issue common in pregnancy.
Objective: To assess GBV among pregnant women in Benin City with aim of curbing its occurrence.
Study design: A facility based analytical cross-sectional study was conducted involving consenting pregnant women.
Results: Awareness of GBV was high 462 (92.4%), with media 293 (63.4%), friends 251 (54.3%) and family members 187 (40.5%) reported as the main sources of information respectively. The overall prevalence of GBV was 288 (62.3%) while in relation to category of GBV experienced; 365 (79.0%), 286 (61.9%), 218 (47.2%) and 216 (46.8%) reported emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse and economic abuse respectively. Prevalence of GBV was significantly associated with respondent’s level of education (p=0.024) and occupational class (p=0.002). Furthermore, among respondent’s partners smoking (p < 0.001), alcohol consumption (p<0.001), keeping multiple sexual partners (p < 0.001), aggressive traits (p < 0.001), level of education (p < 0.001) and employment status (p=0.005) were significant factors exhibited by them.
Conclusion: Gender based violence was prevalent among pregnant women studied, a comprehensive strategy targeted at sensitizing pregnant women and their partners on GBV will be useful in curtailing its occurrence.
Copyright (c) 2023 Obi AI, Adeola VO, Eriki OJ, Imadojiemu OM, Adayonfo E, Obi JN, Obi RU
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.