Fixed-prosthodontics in Nigerian private practice settings

Authors

  • Ikusika O. F. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6494-1211
  • Idon P. I. Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Maiduguri/University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Alalade O. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria
  • Sotunde A. O. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria
  • Akinpelu M. A. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo Teaching Hospital Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Igweagu C. E. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria

Keywords:

Dentistry, Fixed-prosthodontics, Private practice, Nigeria

Abstract

Context: Private practice dentistry is predominant in Nigeria. Audits of fixed-prosthodontic practice in these settings are rare and will highlight capacity and guide training. This study aimed to assess the scope and quality of fixed-prosthodontic practice in such settings in Nigeria.

Objectives: The study sought to assess:

  • Participants’ sociodemographic and their diagnostic and preoperative practices.
  • The quality of impression making and operative technique, reviews and maintenance, temporization
    practices and communication with the laboratory.
  • The range of treatments given and provision of advanced treatments.

Materials and Methods: An adapted questionnaire was administered electronically on Nigerian dentists practicing fixed-prosthodontics in private practice settings. Retrieved data underwent descriptive statistics and associations were tested with the Fischer’s Exact and Chi-Square tests using IBM SPSS Statistics version 21. Statistical significance was set at p≤0.05.
Results: A total of 100 valid responses with a male:female ratio of 2.1:1 from 16 states were retrieved. Fifty-nine participants had only first degrees and mean experience was 14.3±9.5 years. There were 27 adequate responses with regards to range of treatments offered. Sixty-three participants practiced direct temporization. Twenty-one and 14 participants regularly practiced implantology and CAD/CAM dentistry respectively. Direct temporization was significantly associated with increasing education (X2=6.03, p=0,05) and experience (X2=13.2, p=0.03).
Conclusion: Only a few Nigerian dentists in private practice gave an adequate range of treatment. Most of them prefer direct temporization. Implantology and CAD/CAM dentistry practice are improving, but are still not very common.

Additional Files

Published

01-05-2022