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Volume 11 No 2

TABLE OF CONTENT

Ibom Medical Journal Official Publication of the Nigerian Medical Association, Akwa Ibom State Branch Volume 11 Number 2, August, 2018 – ISSN: 1597-7188 SCHISTOSOMIASIS: REVIEW OF AN IMMUNE COMPLEX DISEASE SONOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF MALE ANTERIOR URETHRAL STRICTURES: CORRELATION WITH RETROGRADE URETHROGRAPHY – A REVIEW REVIEW AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF RAPE CASES AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS SEEN AT SECONDARY HEALTHCARE FACILITY IN ...

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SCHISTOSOMIASIS: REVIEW OF AN IMMUNE COMPLEX DISEASE

EO Yusuf and Lucy U. Airauhi ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Morbidity due to human schistosomiasis is associated with host immune responses which result in immune based inflammation, granuloma formation and fibrotic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a review of the literature on the immunology of schistosomiasis and the description of the immunopathogenesis of the disease. Relevant articles were retrieved using electronic ...

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SONOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF MALE ANTERIOR URETHRAL STRICTURES: CORRELATION WITH RETROGRADE URETHROGRAPHY – A REVIEW

Samuel Benson, MBBCH (cal.), FWACS(Radiology), Joy Iya-Benson, MBBCH INTRODUCTION In general, the term urethral stricture refers to a fibrous scarring of the urethra caused by collagen and fibroblast proliferation.1-3 The scarring process can extend through the tissue of the corpus spongiosum into adjacent structures and this associated scarring in the surrounding corpus spongiosum is known as spongiofibrosis.1,4 Contraction of this ...

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REVIEW AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF RAPE CASES AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS SEEN AT SECONDARY HEALTHCARE FACILITY IN ABAK, SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA

Sunday Bassey Udoh, FWACP, FMCFM, Victory Edet Iyanam,FWACP, Olayinka Samuel Akinbami, FWACP ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The rising incidence of rape pandemic among female adolescents is a worrisome phenomenon. This is made worse by the negative culture of underreporting of this devastating crime due to stigmatization of its victims resulting in under prosecution, especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: We undertook a review ...

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SEROPREVALENCE OF CYTOMEGALOVIRUS ANTIBODIES POSITIVITY AMONG VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS IN THE DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL (DELSUTH), OGHARA, AND ITS ENVIRONS IN DELTA STATE- NIGERIA

1EO Yusuf and 2Nwagu M. ABSTRACT Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is widely distributed globally and it is found in different geographical and socioeconomic groups. It can be transmitted from person to person via blood transfusion or tissue/organ transplantation and if the receipt is immune-compromised, then a severe infection and mortality can occur. Study Objective: The purpose of this study is to ...

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NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN URBAN AND RURAL COMMUNITIES OF EDO STATE, NIGERIA

OBI Andrew Ifeanyichukwu1, OMUEMU Vivian Ossaidiom1,2,OKOJIE Hilda Obehi1,2 ABSTRACT CONTEXT Adequate nutrition is essential for strong immunological, neurological and cognitive development of children. OBJECTIVE To assess nutritional status of under-five children in urban and rural communities in Edo State. METHODOLOGY A Community based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2017 and February 2018, involving administration of pretested structured questionnaires ...

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RISK OF HYPERGLYCAEMIA AND DIABETES MELLITUS IN PERSONS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA TAKING ANTIPSYCHOTIC MEDICATIONS IN UYO, SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA

1Jombo, Henry Effiong, 2Alphonsus Udo Idung ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Treatment of schizophrenia with antipsychotic medications may be associated with increased risks for weight gain, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) but the associated risk factors for hyperglycaemia and diabetes in these patients are not fully known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the prevalence of ...

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COMPARING SELLA TURCICA SHAPES AND DIMENSIONS IN SKELETAL CLASSES I, II AND III BIMAXILLARY PROTRUSION PATIENTS IN A NIGERIAN POPULATION

Idia N. IZE-IYAMU BDS, FWACS ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Bimaxillary protrusion is a common type of malocclusion seen in Africans with marked protrusion of the maxillary and mandibular incisors and an increased procumbency of the lips. Management involves cephalometric radiographic evaluation and comparison with other structures within the skull. The sella turcica is one of these radiographic landmarks used in determining orthodontic ...

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CHLAMYDIA ANTIBODY TITRE AS A PREDICTOR OF TUBAL FACTOR INFERTILITY

Oghenefegor E. OLOKORa (MBBS, FWACS) Michael E. AZIKENa (MBBS, MPH, FWACS, FMCOG, FICS, DMAS) ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis is major cause of tubal factor infertility. Assessment of tubal patency by hysterosalpingography (HSG) and laparoscopy are invasive and expensive.  In low resource setting, there may be a place for Chlamydia Antibody Titre (CAT) in infertility work up. Objective: To determine ...

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EFFECT OF POSTURE ON PULMONARY FUNCTION IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY OF PRIMIGRAVID, NULLIPAROUS AND MULTIPAROUS WOMEN IN BENIN CITY

1A Omorogiuwa and 2K Osazee ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: the advancing gravid uterus poses a limited lying down posture options in the third trimester. The supine position has been documented to have deleterious cardiovascular effect. This study is aimed at measuring pulmonary function of pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy with some lying down positions viz a viz parity. MATERIALS ...

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